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Working abroad: what work permits?

Studying abroad has a very high cost. Some of the candidates cannot consider amortizing this cost without working during their stay in the host country, however, is this really legal?

Living in a country other than the one you come from is very different from traveling, however long, it requires procedures and permissions to request, in particular in certain cases in order to be able to practice a trade. Even if you only aim for “one student job ยป or a half-time, as soon as you are on a foreign territory, research is needed. Being allowed to study in a country and being allowed to work there are two very different things.

Also, each country has its own laws, moreover, the steps to take are not always the same depending on our country of origin and this can vary from one student to another.

Working abroad: The differences between host countries.

1. Countries that do not require any formalities

The rule is not universal but if you are European nationalpursuing your studies in another European country, you will have the same rights as nationals of your host country when it comes to working while you study. The European Union greatly facilitates the procedures for students since there is no specific request to make or working license to obtain in this case, even if you work full time.

2. Countries that offer the work permit together with the study permit

There is a category of countries which, if they require a study permit so that you can live there and study there, automatically or almost automatically offers the possibility to foreign students to work without having to ask for a working license specific.

Thus, for almost 10 years, foreign students in China can work, just like students in International mobility residing in Australia and South Africa can work up to 20 hours during their course periods.

In the United States, the international students are generally authorized to work legally if they hold an F-1 visa. However this permission may be limited to on-campus work during the first year of study. Such a restriction is significant since the on-campus jobs are difficult to pick up and limited in number.

Please note that knowing that you are authorized to work as a student does not exempt you from in-depth research on the conditions of access to work. A Work Authorization can be granted to you of course, but it can be conditioned and it is up to you personally to fulfill the legal conditions.

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3. Countries that require applying for a work permit separately

Some countries regulate access to their labor market for the foreign students. The procedures to be carried out are then more or less cumbersome depending on the country and can change from one year to another, it is your responsibility to inform yourself before your arrival in the host country because a working license is not due to you if you do not meet the legal criteria.

The countries requiring further research are too numerous to list here, but we can mention by way of example:

the Canada : Your authorization to work depends greatly on your student status, the type of university registration you have, your study environment and the employer you are targeting. It will be important to study your case carefully in order to stay legal. However, be aware that the work on campus is more widely permitted than off-campus work. In some cases, you will be able to make a work permit application with immigration.

The South Korea : The student visa does not automatically open the possibility of work for foreign students. Indeed, the working license comes with a time condition (the student visas students are not allowed to work while students staying longer in Korea may be granted this permission) and may be subject to permission from your host institution or subject to employment area restrictions. It is not impossible that a foreign student can work but the working license is certainly not acquired.

The immigration rules are not negotiable. If you do not meet the criteria forWork Authorization then you will have to give up the student work project under penalty of legal complications.

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Working abroad: The steps to request authorization to work in your host country

request a permission or one working license as a foreign student can be disconcerting, these are steps that you are rarely used to during your studies.

The key word, as for each step in terms of expatriation, is anticipation. There is no universal rule that you could apply to all countries. Thus, upon receipt of your acceptance within a foreign establishmentand even upstream if your departure is conditional on a return of money during your studies, you must do your research.

Your privileged interlocutors will be your establishment of origin for which you will certainly not be the first student who wishes to work while studying and the embassy of your host country in the territory of your country of origin. Indeed, it is with the embassy that you will take your first steps to leave and they will be the best able to inform you. It is possible that the work permit procedures can only be started once in your host country but you won’t lose anything if you are prepared and why not with the necessary documents already in your pocket. It is possible that you will be asked for extracts from criminal records, in particular, which you can retrieve before your departure to facilitate the creation of your administrative file!

Working illegally can, unsurprisingly, land you in big trouble ranging from fines to deportation from the country to jail time. Be sure to follow the rules of your host country to ensure a successful exchange.

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