You plan to install a large cage in your garden to admire the birds. But first, it is better to ask yourself certain questions to make the right choice of birds and that the cohabitation goes well. Which resist the cold? Which can live together?
In summer as in winter, birds are animals that needspecial attention to overcome seasonal temperature differences, especially if they are in an outdoor aviary, placed in your garden.
What birds can withstand the cold?
Like humans, birds have to deal with the rigors of winter. Some opt for hibernation, others for migration to destinations with milder temperatures. Finally, others take their troubles patiently and wait for the return of spring.
Birds are warm-blooded animals whose natural temperature is between 38 and 42°C – while that of the legs can drop below zero -. It is regulated according to external conditions and the activities carried out. Therefore, in winter, the birds move less, to consume less energy and retain more heat.
In addition, the bird uses its plumage as an insulator by making it swell to vary the thickness of the layer of air, via thermoregulation, in order to protect itself from negative temperatures. Others prefer to huddle together to keep warm or find shelter away from the wind.
Some species resist well to the winter season in metropolitan France and are therefore recommended for outdoor aviaries:
- the mandarins
- the red cardinal
- whitish redpoll
It is advisable to help them overcome this season by depositing enough seeds, fats and water according to their respective needs. It happens that some, like canaries, fill their resources by eating snow instead of water.
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A few rules before choosing birds for your aviary
For “smooth” cohabitation in the aviary, it is often recommended to choose species that have the same needs and the same character (calm, active, etc.). The same goes for the size, avoiding having large birds coexist with small birds or even according to the shape of their beak (hooked or straight).
For questions of security and coexistence, it is also essential to respect the necessary space that everyone needs to evolve. Ask specialist traders or veterinarians.
Multiply the feeding points so that each eats his fill and does not come to peck in the feeder of the other.
Finally, to avoid disputes between couples or between species, place more nests than duos present and at the same height. If they are young, they will adapt more quickly and easily to the environment and will also mate. A even number is recommended, so that the one who finds himself alone is not the prey or the victim of the other inhabitants of the aviary.
Which birds can live together?
A few rules must be followed to prevent birds from getting hurt or having problems with space, food, nesting or breeding.
It is advisable to choose your birds according to their beaks. Straight beaks do not coexist with hooked beaks. However, there are exceptions, such as cockatiels or Chinese quail.
Choose species that have roughly the same size.
Consider their respective diets. Some are insectivores, others granivores, frugivores and still others are omnivores…
Find out about their characteristics from the professional who entrusts them to you, for better cohesion.
Better to provide a space large enough for them to spread their wings without bumping into each other. Without it, they may feel cramped and stressed.
Make sure they are of the same generation, especially if you choose two lovebirds.
- Get the little ones in first
Open the aviary to small jigs so that they become familiar with the places and can choose the nests that suit them.
- Adequate and homogeneous sunshine
The aviary must be suitable for all the species chosen, in terms of sunshine, in particular.
Which species of birds to choose?
Among the hook-billed birds, some are aggressive. It is therefore preferable to choose only one species per aviary. However, the wavy parakeets can cohabit with the cockatiel – if their respective characters are compatible – or even the mandarins, the two species being native to Oceania or even the quails.
On the other hand, it is better to avoid cohabitation with canaries, reputed to be fragile and which could end up in unwelcoming claws. Moreover, concerning the latter, it is preferable that the two are not two males.
The cockatiel can cohabit with the Japanese quail, the first having the habit of living in height and the second at ground level. She can also share the place with the canary.
If you decide to complete the aviary with a new host, it is recommended to go there slowly. For him to acclimatize as well as possible, place the cage in which he is next to the aviary so that the tenants already present get used to his presence and vice versa. A kind of preventive quarantine.
The zebra finch or simply the mandarin (taeniopygia guttata) is a small bird, about 8 to 12 centimeters and weighing about ten grams, native to Australia. It has gray-brown plumage, a white belly and a straight red-orange beak. As for the male, he is recognizable by his orange cheeks. For daily life comfort, the zebra finch must be accompanied by at least one other of its congeners because it is very sociable and talkative!
The canary (serinus canaria) is a small, sun-yellow bird in the finch family. He appreciates living in a community and needs the cycles of the day (light and night) without artificial light.
From the Columbidae subfamily, the dove, recognizable by its white color and its thin beak giving it a slender look, knows how to adapt to many regions and climates. It is a gregarious bird.
The silver-billed capuchin belonging to the estrildidae family is a passerine that measures about ten centimeters. It has a golden brown plumage and a silvery beak which earned it this name. Delicate and sociable, it acclimatizes to different temperatures.
Talkative and singer at times, the parrot, with its multicolored plumage and its large hooked and rounded beak, has a life expectancy of around 60 years. It is known to repeat the sounds of humans. This tropical bird measures about thirty centimeters. There are about 350 species, mainly from Central and South America and Australia.
The budgerigar (melopsittacus undulatus), of the Psittacidae family, is a bird from Australia whose size varies between 16 and 23 centimeters and weighs between 20 and 50 grams. Its plumage is apple green, with black stripes on top. Its head is yellow and its small light green beak. She is both calm and talkative and it is advisable to make her live with other birds to occupy her.
The cockatiel (nhollandicus), also called the cockatiel, is native to Australia. It measures between 30 to 40 centimeters for a weight around a hundred grams. With its gray plumage, its white bands on the wings, it stands out with its yellow head and its orange cheeks, like blush, as well as its crest on the top of its head. She is active, talkative and very sociable.
As their name suggests, lovebirds, belonging to the parrot family (agapornis sp.) and originating from South Africa, are made to live as a couple. They measure about ten centimeters each and weigh about fifty grams. Their flashy plumage, from green to orange passing through red, makes them an endearing and easy-going species. Sporty, they are also careful about the maintenance of their plumage.
The cockatoo, of the parrot family and originating in particular in Oceania and Indonesia, has white plumage and a light yellow, white, red or pink crest, a crest of feathers which unfolds. Caring, he needs reciprocal feedback to feel at his best and has an exclusive character. It can live alone or in a group.