Aside from English, French is the primary international language taught in India. Nonetheless, this doesn’t make it a language spoken by many Indians. A report from the French Embassy in Delhi in 2004 spoke of lower than 1% of the inhabitants capable of categorical themselves in French. Even in Pondicherry, the place greater than 5 thousand French folks of Indian origin reside, it’s estimated that lower than 200 of them use French of their day by day exchanges.
To take inventory of the instructing of our language in India, we met French lecturers from two universities in Chennai and Mr. Eric Perrotel, cooperation attaché for French with the French Institute in India and who is predicated in Chennai.
In Chennai, French is taught within the non-public universities JBAS and Loyola
Personal universities JBAS (Justice Basheer Ahmed Sayeed) and Loyola of Chennai every supply the potential of studying French. We had been warmly acquired there by the workforce of French-speaking lecturers who introduced to us the programs supplied and the profile of the scholars registered within the French programs.
French in second place among the many languages studied at JBAS
L’JBAS college welcomes solely younger women, principally Muslim however not solely. They’re enrolled in science, enterprise or English language programs. Of almost 300 and fifty lecturers, solely two educate French there. It is likely one of the second language choices (English being the obligatory first language), with the selection of Urdu, Arabic, Tamil, Sanskrit and French. Nearly all of college students comply with Arabic programs and in second place French.
This 12 months, eighty college students are enrolled in French programs for a two-year course, on the charge of 5 hours the primary 12 months and fewer the second 12 months, relying on the part chosen.
Malar, the trainer who welcomes us, multiplies the academic supplies to curiosity the scholars, however admits that the academic means at her disposal and the extreme dimension of the teams don’t permit ample and individualized oral observe.
A level in French language and literature from Loyola College
L’loyola college is a big famend college. For a very long time reserved for boys, it’s now open to ladies. Run by Jesuits, the institution is frequented primarily by Christians. Along with conventional programs in science, economics, commerce and English language, Loyola College additionally gives programs in engineering, drugs and enterprise and enterprise administration.
It’s the solely establishment in Chennai the place you will discover a three-year diploma in French language and literature. This coaching can be obtainable in Pondicherry and Madurai. To finish the coaching, the Madras College of Chennai and the College of Pondicherry supply a grasp’s diploma in French.
The French language and literature part of Loyola College has 115 college students, who’re primarily destined for the instructing of French or translation.
The 9 French lecturers at Loyola College additionally take cost of the second language programs for the opposite programs, in the course of the first two years. As within the JBAS college, college students have a number of selections between Hindi, Sanskrit, Tamil and French. They’re about 5 hundred to go for French.
Durga, the French trainer who receives us, talks enthusiastically concerning the academic initiatives she leads: Molière, Corneille, Camus, Simone de Beauvoir are within the highlight and yearly she creates a play along with her college students at based mostly on an Indian textual content that she translated (the youtu.be publications of Loyola College college students: Nagamandala the land of snakes and Tomorrow from daybreak).
Clichés and sensible arguments are a part of the motivations of Indians to check French
College students from the 2 universities visited instructed us about their motivations for studying French.
There are the same old cliches of the language of affection, tradition and artists.
There are additionally extra sensible arguments such because the semantic hyperlink with the English they grasp and which ought to simplify studying French. Some college students level out that the French-speaking world is giant, growing with Africa and that that is an extra optimistic level of their visa utility file for Canada. Lots of them plan to proceed their research there and the Canadian authorities “recognize” the mastery of French along with English.
Lastly, the selection of French as a second language is usually motivated by the rejection of the Indian languages supplied as an possibility and the priority to strengthen their future job search with a “extra worldwide” talent.
Eric Perrotel, Cooperation Attaché for French based mostly in Chennai
To finish our data on the instructing of French in India and extra significantly in Tamil Nadu, we met Eric Perrotel, cooperation attaché for French with the French Institute in India and who is predicated in Chennai.
Mr. Perrotel factors out that even whether it is unimaginable to exactly decide the variety of learners involved, French is the primary international language taught in India.
The reason is a number of: historical past, the picture of French (just like the speeches of the scholars of the colleges we visited), the efforts made by the French public authorities to help the instructing of the language and at last , the comparatively giant variety of Indian lecturers prone to educate French.
A big pool of potential French lecturers in India
College programs and Alliances Françaises have been coaching younger Indians in French for a very long time. There’s due to this fact a big pool of potential lecturers, which isn’t the case for different international languages for which institutions should search international employees, who’re dearer and fewer straightforward to seek out. The supply in French is larger so, logically, the variety of learners is larger.
French is taught within the majority of universities, but additionally in lots of non-public secondary colleges, as a second or third language possibility.
The companies supplied by the French Institute in India for French lecturers
One of many precedence roles of the cooperation attaché for French is to help efforts to qualify lecturers. For this, the French Institute in India gives a set of companies: on-line or face-to-face persevering with training, on-site analysis to establish wants and construct a qualification plan, growth of partnerships with French institutions for exchanges between lecturers or college students, group of occasions on the size of the nation reminiscent of, this 12 months, an autumn college in Jaipur meant for 100 and fifty lecturers and which can supply modules of methodology and pedagogy tailored to instructing aimed toward communication.
The qualification of French lecturers varies vastly. Many have a easy bachelor of training, two-year coaching, crucial to show (it’s deliberate to extend it to 4 years). There is no such thing as a particular international language trainer coaching in India. In the very best case, the trainer has studied within the French research division of a college and handed his instructing diploma in parallel. Many lecturers have been skilled on the job of their colleges. Many, conscious of their weaknesses, are asking for coaching, together with on their very own cash and out of doors their working hours.
Scholarships are doable to comply with the programs of the French Alliance and register for the DELF (Diplôme d’Etudes de Langue Française) examination. In 2019, India recorded about 15,000 DELF exams, making it a serious nation when it comes to issuing French diplomas.
A need of the French State to strengthen ties with India
Mr. Perrotel insists on the need of the French State to strengthen the hyperlinks between our two international locations. He recollects :
In 2018, an settlement on the mutual recognition of diplomas was signed, which suggests, amongst different issues, that an Indian pupil (aside from medical research) can proceed in France his course began in India, and vice versa. This was the primary such settlement signed by India.
Outdoors of the pandemic interval, 9 to 10 thousand Indian college students got here to France yearly, primarily within the fields of administration, structure and “exhausting” sciences. Many spoke little or no French once they arrived, realized it kind of on the spot, however in any case, they grew to become nice ambassadors for our nation on their return to India.
As well as, yearly, 200 younger Indians go away for France to take up positions as English assistants in faculties, excessive colleges or universities. The candidates are quite a few, which is sadly not the case for the reverse trade. Few younger French persons are attracted by an expertise in India. At present there are fourteen throughout India, together with one in Chennai, one in Vellore and three in Pondicherry.
Along side the Alliances Françaises, the operating of the community and the initiatives in favor of French due to this fact rely, for public intervention, on the workforce of Cooperation Attachés for French which criss-crosses the Indian territory. Mr. Perrotel is answerable for the southern sector, Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, Kerala, Andra Pradesh, Karnataka, Telangana. The relations established with the authorities of Tamil Nadu are good and favorable to the event of French. One of many ambitions is to introduce French into authorities colleges in Chennai.